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441 US 130,

East Windsor, NJ 08520

(609) 336-7518

09AM to 05PM EST

How to Prevent Kidney Stones Naturally?

Kidney stones are a prevalent illness that affects millions of people throughout the world every year. Though they can occur at any age, people in their 30s to 60s experience them most frequently. Anyone can get kidney stones, although dehydration, diet, family history, obesity, and medical diseases like hyperparathyroidism and urinary tract infections enhance the risk.

Kidney stones are tiny, rigid mineral deposits found in the kidneys. Calcium, oxalate, and uric acid stones crystallize in urine, causing them. Kidney stones can be quite painful to pass, and sadly, those who have previously experienced kidney stones are more likely to get them again.

While medicines and surgery can treat kidney stones, natural prophylactic methods reduce the chance and avoid recurrence. These methods use lifestyle and dietary changes to protect kidney function and prevent stones.

This article defines kidney stones and discusses lifestyle approaches to preventing them.

What are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones, frequently referred to as renal stones or nephrolithiasis, are small, hard mineral deposits in the kidney. About 12% of males and 5% of women in the United States have kidney stones (1).

They vary in size, from sand grains to golf balls. While passing through the urinary tract, these stones can cause significant pain.

There are four bare kidney stones; calcium oxalate is the most prevalent, accounting for around 80% of cases. Struvite, uric acid, and cysteine are rare.

Smaller ones are usually harmless, while large stones can clog the urinary system as they exit the body. It can cause massive pain, nausea, and bleeding.

Lifestyle Changes to Prevent Kidney Stones

Several strategies exist for reducing the risk of kidney growth. To naturally prevent kidney stones, make the nutritional changes outlined below.

1. Stay Hydrated

Drinking plenty of water is generally recommended to prevent kidney stones. Staying hydrated throughout the day dilutes urine and reduces the risk of developing kidney stones. Consume 8 to 10 glasses of water daily, or enough to maintain pale yellow urine.

Some drinks reduce danger, and some increase it. Coffee, tea, beer, wine, and orange juice also reduce the formation of kidney stones.

High-sodium diets, especially table salt, may increase urine calcium excretion, a kidney stone risk factor. Processed foods, fast cuisine, and salt should be minimized snacks to reduce the risk of kidney stones.

Related, What Is Chronic Kidney Disease?

2. Limit Salt Intake

High-sodium diets, especially table salt, may increase urine calcium excretion, a kidney stone risk factor. Processed foods, fast cuisine, and salt should be minimized snacks to reduce the risk of kidney stones.

Related, What Is Chronic Kidney Disease?

3. Get Enough Calcium

A common misconception is that limiting calcium intake reduces one’s risk of developing calcium-containing stones. But this is not the case. A calcium-rich diet decreases the chance of developing kidney stones.

Consuming calcium-rich meals can help avoid kidney stones. Calcium binds to oxalate in the gut, preventing it from circulating in the bloodstream and being eliminated by the kidneys. Dairy products, green vegetables, and fortified foods are excellent sources of calcium.

Adults’ average daily calcium intake is 1,000 milligrams. Women over 50 and people over 70 have an RDA of 1,200 mg per day.

4. Reduce Animal Protein

Animal proteins include purines. These chemicals break down into uric acid and may cause stones.

Animal protein-rich diets, such as red meat, poultry, and seafood, can raise the chance of developing kidney stones. Consider replacing these meals with plant-based proteins such as beans, lentils, and tofu.

5. Increase Citric Acid Intake

Citric acid reacts to calcium in the urine and keeps it from crystallizing, which can help avoid kidney stones. Consuming more citrus fruits, such as lemon juice, oranges, and grapefruit, is an easy way to increase your intake of citrus fruits.

6. Maintain a Healthy Weight

Obesity increases the chance of kidney stones, so being fit with regular exercise and a well-balanced diet will help reduce your risk.

7. Limit Oxalate-Rich Foods

Oxalates, included in some diets, can generate kidney stones in excessive amounts and increase urine oxalate excretion, which can be dangerous for calcium oxalate crystal producers. Limit your intake of oxalate-rich foods like spinach, rhubarb, beets, almonds, and tea.

8. Avoid Excessive Consumption of Certain Foods

Some foods and beverages, such as cola, chocolate, and high-fructose corn syrup, may raise the risk of kidney stones in vulnerable individuals. Limit your consumption of these products to avoid the risk of kidney stones.

9. Monitor Your Intake of Vitamin C Supplements

A high intake of vitamin C supplements can raise kidney stones in some people because they convert to oxalate in the body. Follow the recommended amounts or acquire your vitamin C from food.

Remember to consult with a healthcare professional before making any significant changes to your diet or lifestyle, especially if you have a history of kidney stones or other health problems.

How to Prevent Kidney Stones Naturally?

Foods to Add to Your Diet to Prevent Kidney Stones

Moderate eating and a balanced diet with fruits and vegetables are recommended to eliminate the risk of kidney stones. Below are a few foods you must add to your daily diet to help prevent stones from forming.

  • Water: Drinking water is the most critical approach to preventing kidney stones, even though it is a beverage rather than a food. Experts recommend drinking two to three liters (at least 64 ounces) of water daily (2).
  • Lemon: Lemon includes citric acid, which prevents kidney stones from developing and helps break up existing stones. For a delicious drink, add some freshly squeezed lemon to your water!
  • Calcium: Milk and yogurt include calcium, helping reduce kidney stone risk.
  • Whole Grains: Kidney stones can be prevented and treated by maintaining a healthy weight, which is encouraged by most whole grains.
  • Cruciferous veggies: Potassium-rich plants, such as Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and kale, minimize calcium loss and prevent kidney stones from forming. These foods include antioxidants that protect bladder, prostate, and kidney cancers.
How to Prevent Kidney Stones Naturally?

How Prime Health of New Jersey Can Help?

If you have a kidney stone, we can help. Prime Health of New Jersey is the only primary care clinic in New Jersey. We use cutting-edge technology and preventive strategies to provide complete care to people who have kidney stones or are recovering.

Book your appointment now!

Wrapping Up

Kidney stones affect many people annually. Staying hydrated and making particular dietary changes are the easiest methods to avoid kidney stones. For example, you could increase your liquid intake, eat foods high in specific nutrients, eat less animal protein, and avoid sodium intake. A few easy precautions can help prevent uncomfortable kidney stones.

Kidney stones are not only painful, but they also raise the risk of inflammatory bowel illness, recurrent urinary tract infections, and obesity.

If you have a kidney stone, consult our clinic to get it checked. After identifying the rocks, we can make an exact effort to remove them and prevent them from returning.


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Our Team

Dr. Farhan Malik Primary Care Physician
Dr. Shoaib Malik Primary Care Physician

3. Get Enough Calcium

2. Limit Salt Intake

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