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East Windsor, NJ 08520

(609) 336-7518

09AM to 05PM EST

Outsmarting High BP - New Hypertension Management Tips

Imagine an unseen danger hiding inside your own body, secretly harming your health with no symptoms to alert you.

It is the mystery of hypertension.

Hypertension, often known as high blood pressure, is a persistent illness that affects millions of people globally.

While there may not always be obvious signs, treating hypertension is critical for general health. As, it can cause health issues such as heart disorders and stroke if left unchecked.

Join us as we deliver life-changing practical solutions to treat hypertension, leading you to a happier and brighter self.

Knowing Hypertension

Hypertension develops when the pressure of blood on the artery walls is usually high. The pressing of blood against the walls of an artery puts stress on your heart and causes various medical issues. 

Doctors use a blood pressure cuff to assess your blood pressure. It is usually expressed as a pair of figures: systolic (when the heart pumps) and diastolic (when the heart relaxes).

The normal range of BP is 120/80 mmHg. Hypertension is when the reading reaches 140/90 mmHg or above regularly.

Risk factors of High Blood Pressure

Several circumstances may result in hypertension. Age is a natural contributor because blood pressure rises with age. Unhealthy lifestyle choices such as a high-salt diet, insufficient physical activity, and tobacco use are all important risk factors. 

Genetics can also play an important part; a family history of hypertension makes you more susceptible to developing hypertension. 

Understanding these risk factors is critical for effectively managing and avoiding hypertension.

Hypertension Management: Tips and Treatment Involved

Handling hypertension is critical for overall health and avoiding significant medical outcomes. Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases the workload of the heart, leading to various heart illnesses.

You can lower the risk factors and enjoy a higher quality of life by managing hypertension. Below are best practices for the treatment and self-management of hypertension.

Routine Changes in Life to Manage Hypertension

1. Eating a Well-Balanced Diet with Less Salt

Pay attention to the value of a good diet when treating high blood pressure. A well-balanced diet high in potassium and low in sodium is essential for managing high blood pressure.

The DASH diet (dietary approach to stop hypertension) is a well-known nutritional diet strategy. This diet emphasizes nutrient-dense foods such as vegetables, whole grains, fruits, and vegetables while reducing high-sodium options.

The DASH diet substantially decreases your blood pressure levels and improves heart health.

2. Getting Regular Physical Activity

Daily physical activity is essential for the management of hypertension. Go for a minimum of 150 minutes of moderately intense exercise each week.

Low-intensity activities include brisk walking or swimming. Exercise has a number of advantages in decreasing blood pressure. 

Physical activity makes blood circulation better. It also reduces the force acting on your arterial walls, resulting in low BP.

3. Maintaining a Normal Weight

Weight gain imposes extra stress on the blood vessels. Sustaining a healthy weight assists in chronic disease management, such as hypertension.

When you hold too much fat, your body needs more blood to pump oxygen and nutrients, which increases blood pressure.

Hypertension Management

4. Manage Stress

Stress reduction techniques are essential for managing hypertension, says Harvard Medical School. Medication techniques like yoga, deep breathing, and meditation encourage mental health. It also reduces negative impacts on the brain and body.

5. Minimize Alcohol

Alcohol can elevate blood pressure, and heavy drinking may lead to hypertension. It is best to limit or stop alcohol use to manage hypertension properly. Reducing alcohol can be a critical step towards improved control of hypertension and heart health. If you find avoiding alcohol difficult, consult a healthcare specialist for advice.

6. Don't Smoke

The compounds in tobacco can harm the inner layer of the blood vessels, making them congested and less elastic. It increases the resistance of blood flow and leads to high blood pressure. 

You can significantly decrease your chances of getting hypertension by avoiding smoking. If you are having trouble quitting, seek help from your medical professional.

7. Getting 7 to 9 Hours of Sleep Daily

When you don’t get enough sleep regularly, your stress hormones like cortisol rise, resulting in high BP. It can also lead to the onset and severity of hypertension over time. Go for seven to nine hours of sleep each night to keep your blood pressure normal.

Treatment Options to Manage Hypertension

There are several treatment options available to manage hypertension. The treatments reduce blood pressure by calming the overworking blood vessels. Here are some of the simple and successful treatments for reducing hypertension.

Medications

You can use a variety of drugs to treat hypertension. The drugs function in various ways to lessen blood pressure. 

Doctors usually give diuretics in the early treatment of hypertension. It removes excess sodium and fluid from the body, lowering hypertension.

Beta-blockers are another class of drugs that minimize the heart rate. They also reduce the force of cardiac contractions, which lowers blood pressure.

Angiotensin II receptor blockers and ACE inhibitors relax blood arteries. It allows blood arteries to flow blood more freely, controlling hypertension.

Calcium channel blockers dilate and relax blood arteries, which lowers blood pressure.

Doctors may prescribe pairing more than one of these drugs in some circumstances for better blood pressure control.

It is critical to take drugs exactly as prescribed by the healthcare practitioner. Also, go for regular follow-ups to manage blood pressure and alter treatment as needed.

Hypertension Management

How Long Does Blood Pressure Medicine Stay in Your System?

Blood pressure medications linger in your system depending on the type of drug you are using. Most blood pressure drugs are effective for at least 24 hours.

However, it is critical to stick to the advice of your physician and recommended schedule to guarantee stable blood pressure regulation.

When is Blood Pressure Treatment Necessary?

You will require the treatment of blood pressure in the following circumstances.

High Blood Pressure Levels

When your blood pressure routinely registers 140/90 mm Hg, you should opt for a treatment, says the National Health Service. Your healthcare provider will assess if your levels fall within this range during several readings and then prescribe treatment.

Major Risk Factors

Doctors may suggest treatment if you have a risk of stroke or related health issues such as diabetes.

Lifestyle Changes are Not Helping

Doctors initially recommend a healthy diet and exercise to manage stress. However, if you are unable to manage blood pressure with these changes, you will need treatment.

Underlying Health Conditions

The presence of underlying conditions like kidney disease makes hypertension difficult to manage. In this case, you can treat blood pressure with medications.

Hypertension Management

Pregnancy

Some women may develop hypertension during pregnancy. We call it gestational hypertension, which needs careful monitoring. Therefore, you will need medications to protect both the mother and baby. The 2 conditions are noted as:

  1. Eclampsia: High blood pressure in pregnancy leading to convulsions
  2. Pre-Eclampsia: High blood pressure in pregnancy with fluid retention

Both need serious attention.

Age

Age can also have a role. Older people require more care as arteries get stiffer with age, causing blood pressure to rise immediately.

Key Takeaways

  • Hypertension is a prevailing ailment that affects a wide audience each year.
  • Common risk factors include smoking, genetics, and stress.
  • You can manage hypertension with a healthy diet, regular physical activities, and regular sleep.
  • If you are unable to manage high blood pressure via lifestyle changes, go for treatment.

In case of uncontrollably high blood pressure, consult an expert medical advisor.


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Our Team

Dr Farhan Malik
Dr. Farhan Malik Primary Care Physician
Dr Shoaib Malik
Dr. Shoaib Malik Primary Care Physician

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