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East Windsor, NJ 08520

(609) 336-7518

09AM to 05PM EST

Most Common Chronic Diseases in Young Adults Revealed

The most common chronic diseases in young adults. Are you at risk? Find out the top health concerns affecting young adults and how to stay away from them.

Young adulthood is often considered an Era of Liveliness, yet it is also the period when chronic diseases arise. While young adults are overall healthier than older individuals, the presence of certain diseases can interfere with their quality of life. The best practice to treat chronic disease is to consult an expert health advisor. At Prime Health of New Jersey, we provide the best services to treat chronic diseases effectively.

Let’s find out the most common chronic diseases in young adults, including their causes, symptoms, and how to treat them.

Chronic Diseases: Introduction

If you have a disease that lasts for more than 3 months, it is called chronic disease. People of age 18-35 are most likely to get chronic diseases due to their poor dietary habits, bad sleep-wake cycle, among other factors.

Common Chronic Diseases in Young Adults:

Obesity, hypertension, and depression are the most common chronic diseases in adults around the age 18-35 stated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Various other conditions like asthma, diabetes, migraine, and substance abuse (Drug addiction) also have a noticeable role in the deterioration of young adult’s health.

Let’s have a brief overview of common chronic diseases affecting young individuals.


Obesity results in fat build-up throughout the body. The young generation is most likely to encounter obesity at an early age.

Health Complications:

In young adults, obesity is the mother of chronic diseases that give rise to many other health complications.

  • Early diabetes: Being overweight, you are at risk of getting diabetes at an early stage of your life. However, the symptoms are generally mild as compared to people of older age.
  • Bone disorders: Obesity increases the stress on joints which can cause bone disorders at a young age. Most common examples include Osteoarthritis and Osteoporosis.
  •  Heart diseases: With obesity, the risk of health complications like stroke, plaque formation, and artery blockage increases.

Disease Management and Prevention:

Obesity is a crucial health challenge for young individuals. However, you can easily cope with it by following a balanced diet and a good lifestyle. There are certain lifestyle changes you can opt for to prevent obesity.

  • Physical activity: Do walking, swimming, and running daily to stay healthy and fit. 
  • Eat in portions: Always eat in a considerate amount. Must follow a plating method to keep track record of your daily food intake.
  • Sleep adequately: Must have a sleep of at least 7-8 hours a day to stay healthy. According to a research study, a bad sleep-wake cycle is the leading cause of being overweight.
  • Seek Medical Advice: If you notice an uncontrollably increasing weight, you can contact our experts at the Weight Loss Management Clinic; they will assess your body and will guide you thoroughly about how to manage weight.


The persistent increase in blood pressure is termed hypertension. During episodes of hypertension, the blood pressure is higher than normal. The normal range of BP is 120/80 mmHg.

Health Complications:

Hypertension gives rise to various other health complications, such as,

  • Health diseases: High blood pressure damages heart walls, due to which the flow of oxygen and blood to the heart decreases contributing to heart attack, stroke, and heart failure in young individuals.
  • Vision problems: Hypertension also destroys blood vessels in the eyes. It can result in poor sight or complete vision loss.
  • Renal Damage: Kidneys have a network of blood vessels called nephrons that pass high blood flow through them. Excessive increase in blood pressure damages nephrons that cause kidney failure.

Symptoms of Hypertension:

Hypertension doesn’t show any symptoms initially. However, some people may experience:

  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Tight pain in the middle of the chest
  • Headaches
  • Poor vision 
  • Laziness

Diagnosis and Prevention of Disease:

Hypertension diagnosis is done using Sphygmomanometer. Below are certain lifestyle changes you can opt for to manage the disease.

  • Healthy lifestyle: You can manage hypertension by following a balanced diet. Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, and meat. Doing regular exercise is also very crucial in managing the symptoms.
  • Stress Management: Incorporating stress management practices in your daily life can help manage hypertension. Do yoga, medication, and regular physical activities to lower blood pressure.
  • Medications: In some cases, hypersensitive medications are prescribed to control blood pressure. Only take medications on the recommendation of a health care advisor.


One of the most common chronic diseases in young adults is depression. According to Columbia University Irving Medical Sciences, more than 17% of young individuals in America have depression. Long-term negligence about depression can cause serious consequences.


Depression presents differently in individuals. However, the most common symptoms a person experiences are:

  • The feeling of hopelessness and sadness
  • Loss of energy
  • Headache and stomach pain.
  • Loss of appetite
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Sleep deprivation

Treatment of Depression:

Depression is a curable, chronic disease. Nowadays, various treatments are available to help manage its symptoms.

  • Psychotherapy, including Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Interpersonal Therapy (IPT), are common approaches to treating depression.
  • Personal Moderations: It is important to do regular physical activities, have a good eating pattern, a peaceful sleep, and stress management to treat depression.
  • Medications: A wide range of antidepressant drugs is available in the market, such as SSRIs that are helpful in Chronic Disease Management.

Common Chronic Diseases: Risk Factors

Various genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors influence the development of chronic diseases. The most usual risk factors are,

  • Poor eating habits: Young individuals prefer eating junk, and all that processed items have high amounts of calories, sugars, and fats in them.  All these foods lead to chronic disease formation.
  • Genetics: If you have a chronic disease in your family history, you will likely get it.
  • Psychological Factors: Depression and stress can contribute to overeating and, ultimately, weight gain that further gives rise to chronic diseases.
  • Sedentary lifestyle: Being lazy all the time, and having no physical activity are two major contributors to chronic diseases.
  • Ecological Factors: Another important factor that causes chronic disorders is the easy availability of unhealthy foods, the socioeconomic profile of society, and charming food advertisements.

Other Chronic Diseases in Young Adults:

Other than most common chronic diseases in young adults, research among young individuals has revealed the prevalence of various other chronic diseases in adults that are less potent than the top 3 diseases. But they have a significant role in disturbing young adults’ health. Among them, the major chronic diseases are:


Asthma is a chronic disease in young adults. It leads to swelling and narrowing of the respiratory tract, which makes breathing difficult.


  • Pain in the chest
  • Difficulty in breathing.
  • Recurring Cough.

Allergens such as dust and air pollution are the most common threats to respiratory infections. With the advancement of technology, tons of medications and inhalers are now available to treat asthma. But, protection from risk factors is the top priority.

Type 2 Diabetes:

Some time ago, diabetes was considered one of the most common chronic diseases in older adults. But now, it is becoming a disease of the young due to their poor lifestyle, and dietary practices.

  • This metabolic disease increases blood sugar levels in the body, which leads to cardiovascular and kidney disorders.
  • You can easily cure diabetes by following a balanced diet, regular exercise, and weight management.

Drug Addiction:

Drug addiction, majorly alcoholism, is the main cause of developing chronic diseases in young individuals.

  • In the case of drug addiction, lack of proper treatment can lead to serious mental, and physiological outcomes.
  • The best way to cure drug addiction is counseling, paired with certain medications, and good lifestyle habits.


Even so, Depression, Obesity, and hypertension are among the most common chronic diseases in young adults. Their prevalence can be minimized by following good lifestyle practices, and medications. Always seek medical assistance in case of any health concerns.

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Dr. Farhan Malik Primary Care Physician
Dr. Shoaib Malik Primary Care Physician

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